Why don't more languages have a call/cc operator?

Why don't more languages have a call/cc operator?

30 Oct 2023
programming-languages, computer-science

Something I’ve wondered about for a little while: why don’t more languages have a call/cc operator? Having first-class continuations in your programming language gives your programmers a powerful construct. So why do only a handful of languages have it?

The short answer is: it’s tricky to implement efficiently. One way to get call/cc is to convert your code into continuation-passing style. Then, call/cc simply takes the continuation in that representation and binds it to a variable. Most languages don’t seem to go through a continuation-passing style conversion pass though, so there’s no continuation to grab.

I asked Matthew Flatt about this today, and his answer was that most languages use the C model of functions: when you call a function, you push the arguments to the function onto a stack along with the return address. Then, when you return, you pop those element back off the stack. To get call/cc, you’ve have to copy the entire stack and pass that around.